Cyber Crime June 2020 Query Breakdown
The charts below are a collection of the queries that we have received in the months of June, April and May. They are a representation of the main threats that have been affecting largely people based in India.
OLX Query Breakdown
The queries received here have been broken down into two types:
- Scams where the Victim was trying to Buy a product
- In these scams, most of the times the seller is pretending to be someone from the Army or works at an airport. They use stolen IDs to convince victims that they are legitimate. And the victim then transfers the amount directly through a UPI Id or to a bank account provided by the scammer. This is the most common type of scam across all our queries.
- Scams where the victim was trying to Sell something
- In these scams, the scammer will pretend to be interested in a product and will send a QR code as the means of payment, the QR code when scanned will debit that money from the victim instead of crediting it.
OLX Queries Received in June: 84
UPI Query Breakdown
Here the victims are contacted by the scammers ﬁrst. The scammers pretend to be from GooglePay support ,from a courier(bluedart,DTDC etc) or from a telecom company like Airtel and call the victims.
They then convince the victims that a payment is pending and that they need to do it on the call itself. The victim is then sent a Google Form or a [phishing]website link where the victim will enter his UPI PIN under some pretext.
The scammers then send a SMS to the victims telling them to forward that SMS to another number. When this is done, this causes the victims UPi ID to be taken over by the scammers completely.
This is the most ﬁnancially damaging scam we have seen, as soon as the scammer takes over the UPI Id of the victim, they always completely clear out the bank accounts linked to that UPI ID.
Even when victims have contacted the banks about this, the banks have been clueless in a couple of cases and completely failed to secure the bank accounts, leading to even more losses.
Here too, we have seen two types of scams occur:
- The victim is sent to a phishing site and his card details are compromised.
- The scammer pretends to be a girl and across a couple of weeks builds trust with the victim, making him send money to the scammer directly.
In both of these cases we have been able to help the victims in some way. With the phishing websites, we have informed the victims on what details of theirs have been compromised. With the second one we have been able to inform the victims on how to identify and try to verify the details of the scammer
Along with all of those we have received singular queries regarding some unique scams:
- We have received queries where people have been sent phishing websites which look like amazon and ﬂipkart, which are used to steal card details and other personal information.
- Similarly a query mentioned a phishing website for naukri.com
- Also we have seen some queries regarding ads on the Facebook marketplace, which acts similarly to OLX.
- And a few Instagram proﬁles were sent our way which were scamming their followers and blocking them after that.